Before you can start learning about the different ways you can grip a golf club, you have to first become aware of how every grip is the same.
The most important aspect of any grip is that the club is resting in your fingertips.
A great way to learn how to do this is to hold out your left hand with your fingers wide open. Take a club and rest the grip on your hand so that the high end of the grip is crossing the base of your pinkie and the low end of the grip is crossing the last knuckle on your pointer finger. Now close your fingers around the club. Bring in your right hand and grip the club in your fingertips the same way.
Gripping the club in your fingertips is an absolute necessity for good golf swing mechanics. With a proper golf grip you have full range of motion in your wrists and you can whip the club effectively.
Now for you choices “…”
After you have placed the club in your fingertips (a necessity) you can make a couple of choices for how you want to complete your grip. The first thing you need to decide is how you are going to connect your hands.
There are typically three ways you can do this.
1. Interlock. To make an interlocking grip you take the pinkie of your right hand and intertwine it with the pointer finger on your left hand. This grip makes a strong connection between your hands and helps you keep them together during your golf swing. Younger players and players with smaller hands would probably prefer an interlocking grip.
2. Overlap. To make an overlapping grip, instead of intertwining your pinkie and pointer finger, you just rest the pinkie on your right hand in the notch between the pointer and middle finger of your left hand. This also creates a nice bond between your hands but their connection is not as secure as with an interlocking grip. This grip works well for players with larger hands that don’t have a problem securing the club.
3. Baseball. The baseball grip is placing your hands one on top of the other with no interlock or overlap.
Of the three grips, I would recommend an interlocking or overlapping grip. Either one will work, whichever you prefer. Younger players should definitely start out with an interlocking grip, though, as it will firmly secure their hands together and help them hold on to the club. With a baseball grip, people have a tendency to let the club fall into the palms of their hands and the hands are not fastened together securely.
Once you have decided how you are going to connect your hands, you can chose how you are going to position your right hand.
You can position your right hand into a neutral grip, strong grip or weak grip.
1. Neutral Grip. You will, in all likelihood, naturally grip the club with a neutral grip. In a neutral grip, the triangle formed between the thumb and pointer finger on your right hand will point just to the right of your head. Your right palm will be facing toward the target and your grip will feel even.
2. Strong Grip. In a strong grip your right hand is shifted slightly so that your palm is turned up a little. It will seem like your hand is shifting further under the club. Make sure you don’t let the grip slide into the palm of your hand! A strong grip will make it easier to rotate the club head during your golf swing. That extra rotation will help you close the club face and therefore promote a draw.
3. Weak Grip. Opposite the strong grip, in a weak grip your right hand is shifted slightly so that your palm is turned down toward the ground a little. A weak grip will seam like your hand is shifting onto the top of the club. This type of grip makes it harder to rotate the club which means the club head stays open longer, promoting a fade.
Every golf grip is a little different because we are all different. There are professionals who interlock and professionals who overlap. There are pros who use a weak grip and pros who use a strong grip (Zach Johnson comes to mind). They all hold the club in their fingertips, though, as they whip the club head through the ball.
Once you start gripping the club with your fingertips you can play around with how you want to connect your grip and where you want to position your right hand. Ultimately you want to end up with a grip that you feel comfortable with.